Originally Posted by FromMyColdDeadHand
Too lazy to wiki it, but I thought it was 1619 or 1620 when a slave ship landed in Virginia. I don't even think they meant to land there or something.
1619, Dutch slaver pulls into Jamestown, VA to resupply and traded some of it's human cargo for water and food.
Before and after that, indentured servants and "transported" criminals and people on the wrong side of a land owner or magistrate were shipped over to VA from England, Scotland, Wales, and especially Ireland. They were slaves in all but name, and there really wasn't much difference in the way the African and European servants were treated originally. The biggest difference in records of the time differentiated them as "Christian servants" and "pagans".
It wasn't until the later 1600's that there started to be a clear dilineation between European indentured servants and Africans in North America, with the Africans getting the short end of the stick, and the start of pure chattel slavery in the English colonies.